Porotu Bach / Studio MWA

first_imgPhotographs:  Courtesy of Studio MWA+ 33 Share Architects: studio MWA Area Area of this architecture project 2012 Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAText description provided by the architects. PUROTU –“Beautiful” – Bach (holiday home) in New Zealand’s Marlborough Sounds at Bay of Many Coves Quite often at the start of the Design process, after we have had a chance to talk to the client and experience the site for the first time, you ask yourself should we do anything to the existing site, or should the beautiful natural environment remain as it is? At the Bay of Many Coves, one of the many Marlborough Sound jewels, our clients, when they introduced us to the Project, already had on the site quite an old cottage which was not in very good condition. Overall the site actually combines two individual lots with total area of 4611m2,with the building platformelevated about 10 meters above the sea level, at the lower level of the hilly site.The lovely positioned cottage was a single storied two bedroom building with a simple weatherboard finish and pitched Colorsteel roof, the dwelling was nicely nestled into the surrounding native bush. The client very much loved it and it was quite a difficult decision we together did to actually remove it from the site and design something new in its place. While it was emotionally a difficult decision it was a logical, more sustainable and cost effective solution, particularly with the knowledge of the remoteness of the site and the logistical requirements of any long term maintenance. Picton and Blenheim are the closest towns and the only practical way to reach the site is actually by boat, barge or by helicopter. Weather permitting it takes about 45 minutes to reach site via boat. So logistically this was obviously one of the main constraints on this project. Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWARecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreOur Wellington and Brisbane studios tradition is at the start of every project to actually spend some time together with the clients and if possible, to do so on the future site. There are many reasons for this and included is to help us better understand the client’s needs, wants, preferences, requirements, any special spots and views and to visualize and experience the site’s constraints including access, orientation, context, services, topography and vegetation and any obstructions, or in simple wording the pluses and minuses we have to work with. Design team had the amazing experience of spending one weekend with our clients on the future site in the old cottage and by talking, walking, eating, drinking, fishing, photographing, sketching, measuring we tried to live as the clients do to be as familiar as much possible with the site and to try and understand our clients brief which we together developed even further.Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAWe officially started the Project in July 2010 (Architect Agreement signed), but we started extensive collaboration and preparation, probably few months before that, fine tuning and developing the brief and created a strategy on how to work on this project. The clients brief was relatively simple incorporating : open plan kitchen, dining, living area with fireplace (wood burner), 3 double bedrooms, all with a good orientation and view, separate studio – office area, laundry-changing room after diving with exterior shower, main complete bathroom and a separate toilet. The outdoor space had to be very functional and needed to incorporate the existing spa while this needed to be strategically positioned to capture the view while remaining private, an outdoor shower in the same space was also a requirement. As is a standard requirement in all bach’s the provision of extensive decking with outdoor seating all around the dwelling and the ability for the BBQ to be used in a variety of locations depending on the need. Descent storage underneath the front part of the building with simple access was another desire. From the first initial sketches we did with our clients during our first site visit, it was obvious that we all had the same goal – to nicely settle the building in the existing environment, without competing or contrasting with the surroundings but to simply blend it into the natural environment. Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAAfter we decided together with the clients through careful analysis that the existing cottage should be removed from the site we did quite a bit exploration for the possible alternative positions for the future project, confirming that the current position of the existing cottage was the best. We rotated the new building to capture an even better orientation and view; we also decided that by pushing the building back into the hill the building would at the same time perform as a retaining wall to eliminate any future possible erosion while giving us the opportunity to sit the building even better into the site.Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAThe solution was to stretch the buildings form along the existing contours, to capture the amazing view and takes full advantage of the very good position and north east orientation the result is the plan you can see. The front of the building is occupied with an extensive deck and acts as an extension from the open plan kitchen, dining, living area and the 3 bedrooms, the first to be washed with the sunrise, next to each other. The back of house was dedicated for services, including a bathroom, separate toilet and laundry and at the centre as a visual extension of living room, a studio with nearly full height glass orientated towards the calming native bush slope. Through the building we created an internal street – gallery, with a continual curved timber wall starting at the front of building flowing up from the timber decking one side and finishing as a retaining wall on the other side of the building and curving 15 meters further, creating very intimate private courtyard with outdoor seating, spa and outdoor shower capturing the lovely sunsets at back and the stunning view to the front. Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAStructurally, the Bach is a single story steel and timber framed structure with skillion roofs, seated at the front on timber piles and at the back on a 1 meter high concrete retaining wall and footing along the entire length. Top quality thermal performances of the building are as always one of imperatives in our designs and we incorporated all this into project. Sustainability is recognizable through every step working on this project, from quality position and orientation of building, usage of material and local resources, as much as possible nature protection, energy efficiency and allocation for further future improvement (solar panels for hot water and power), etc.Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAThe main and the most dominant material on this project is definitely (together with grey tinted double glazing), Colorsteel metal roofing & wall cladding, by New Zealand Steel, helping to emphasize simplicity and elegant, clear, straight lines. The choice was a logical, easy and cost effective solution for a low maintenance material which performs very well in such a severe sea spray environment. As per our studio MWA design, the kitchen, laundry, bathroom/toilet joinery and studio fixed furniture where manufactured from marine veneer plywood as main cabinetry material with clear lacquer finish. Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAAll exterior aluminum joinery, as we specified, was executed from Fletcher Aluminium Pacific Residential suite and for the best thermal performances we specified double glazing with exterior Viridian grey tinted glass. Tasmanian oak was the choice for all interior floors with satin clear polyurethane finish to give a feeling of warmth to the interiors but remaining a lightness and natural appearance. Long curved wall (timber framed) with vertical cedar battens in random order is definitely one of the key features on this project and we try to take exterior , very functional element and use as spine through the interior and complete again outside creating intimate courtyard.Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAOff white is predominant interior colour for walls, ceilings and interior doors, remaining the opportunity for clients to bring their personal touch through art work, memorable, family history details, etc. In very simple calm horizontally orientated architectural composition, we decided that the living area deserved to be the accent, so, simple higher roof with about further 1 m height will bring further benefits to overall design such as bringing more light to the centre of the space, provide better cross ventilation, bring more afternoon sun in living/dining/kitchen area and in interior differentiate vertically spaces. With this approach we combined the living area and studio which provided a surprisingly inspirational view towards the back of the property up to the native bush. Save this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAThe fireplace was very strategically positioned (centre of overall building), so as the heart of the composition it is visible from most of the spaces, while the distribution of heat is more efficient and visually it remains one of key accents without compromising extraordinary views. During cold winter days or spring and autumn cooler nights it is real heart of the Bach for memorable stories about diving, fishing, hunting, dreaming, about the past and future.Save this picture!PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessVideo: ‘The Competition’ TrailerArchitecture NewsWuxi Masterplan: Mixed Use Building Complex Proposal / ATENASTUDIOUnbuilt Project Share Porotu Bach / Studio MWA ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/364421/porotu-bach-studio-mwa Clipboard Photographs Year:  Projects 2012 New Zealand “COPY” Area:  4611 m² Area:  4611 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ArchDaily Porotu Bach / Studio MWASave this projectSavePorotu Bach / Studio MWASave this picture!Courtesy of Studio MWAHouses•Wellington, New Zealand CopyAbout this officestudio MWAOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWellingtonHousesNew ZealandPublished on April 25, 2013Cite: “Porotu Bach / Studio MWA” 25 Apr 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseLouvers / ShuttersTechnowoodSunshade SystemsFiber Cements / CementsRieder GroupFacade Panel – Terrazzo BlackStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Basiq SeriesIn architectureSikaBuilding Envelope SystemsWoodLunawoodInterior ThermowoodWindowsswissFineLineSliding Windows – EvenMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMBlack Concrete – Concretal®-BlackSuspension SystemsMetawellAluminum Panels for Ceiling SailsDoorsECLISSESliding Door Opening System – ECLISSE Push&PullStonesMarini MarmiNatural Stone – Nuvolato di GréMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Houses Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/364421/porotu-bach-studio-mwa Clipboard “COPY” Copylast_img read more

Groups Say Economic Data Highlights Importance of Water Release

first_img Previous articleSeed Consultants Market Watch 1-3-13 PM Comments with Gary WilhelmiNext articleHouse Ag’s Peterson Asks Speaker Boehner to Commit Floor Time to Farm Bill Andy Eubank Home Indiana Agriculture News Groups Say Economic Data Highlights Importance of Water Release Revised data on the economic impact of an effective shutdown of the Mississippi River to barge traffic in the month of January has been released by the American Waterways Operators and Waterways Council, Inc. The data indicates the potential supply-chain disruption between January 7th and 31st alone could affect more than eight-thousand jobs, more than 54-million dollars in wages and benefits and 7.2-million tons of commodities valued at 2.8-billion dollars. Waterways Council President and CEO Michael Toohey says the uncertainty of the deteriorating situation for the nation’s shippers is having as much of an impact as the lack of water itself. He says the Obama Administration must direct the Army Corps of Engineers to release enough water from Missouri River reservoirs to sustain navigation on the Mississippi River now – or time will have run out and an effective shutdown could remain in place for weeks.The latest weather and water forecasts for the Mississippi River near Thebes, Illinois suggest commerce could come to a halt within the next week to 10 days. During that time – the required nine-foot draft will fall to an eight-foot draft. Most towboats require a nine-foot draft to operate – while only a very small number of towing vessels can operate at eight- or seven-foot drafts. For this reason – though the Corps and U.S. Coast Guard continue to state they will not officially close the river – the AWO and Waterways Council say the falling water levels and a lack of sustained water will preclude navigation between St. Louis and Cairo, Illinois.AWO President and CEO Tom Allegretti says the new economic numbers clearly indicate our nation’s shippers, farmers, manufacturers, operators and consumers will be hard hit this month if water is not provided to avert a shutdown. He says halting waterborne commerce and exports during the busiest period for agriculture shipping will have impacts on the entire nation. That’s why Allegretti says his group continues to urge the White House to immediately authorize the release of additional water to maintain navigation on the nation’s most important waterway.Different Mississippi River Story from CorpsMike Petersen – a spokesperson for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers says Mississippi River water levels near the so-called rock pinnacles at Thebes, Illinois will remain above 10-feet through Thursday (Jan. 10). By Friday (Jan. 11) – expedited work to remove the so-called rock pinnacles at that location will add another two-feet of depth. That has some suggesting the river will remain safe for barge traffic for at least the next week and possibly through January 26th. While Petersen reportedly isn’t confirming the later date – he did say the Corps expects the river to remain open. But the National Weather Service has forecast that the waterway near St. Louis may drop to nine-feet as early as January 9th. The American Waterways Operators and Waterways Council, Inc. say that would bring commerce on the Mississippi River to an effective halt.Source: NAFB News Service SHARE Facebook Twitter By Andy Eubank – Jan 6, 2013 Facebook Twitter SHARE Groups Say Economic Data Highlights Importance of Water Releaselast_img read more

New teacher certification program announced

first_img Pinterest Previous articleHeroes Wave OffNext articleOC makes credit proposal to ECISD admin Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Local NewsEducation By admin – March 8, 2018 Twittercenter_img Pinterest Facebook Region 18 logo New teacher certification program announced Teach18Region 18 Education Service Center is launching a redesigned teacher training and certification program called “Teach18 Teacher Certification Program.”Teach18 is an accelerated alternative to traditional certification programs targeting recent graduates, career changers and professionals already in the education sector, including paraprofessionals and substitutes, seeking to earn their teacher certification, a news release said.Teach18 will host its first information session of the year from 5:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. March 22 at the Region 18 ESC Conference Center, 2811 LaForce Blvd., in Midland.Contact Cindy Fouts at (432) 567-3245 or [email protected] 18 ESC is currently accepting applications for Teach18 via a new website, www.teach18.org, with the next application deadline April 2. There will be subsequent application periods throughout the year. WhatsApplast_img read more

Memorial Day exhibit at mall

first_img By admin – May 25, 2018 Pinterest Facebook Twitter OC employee of the year always learning Twitter WhatsApp American Flag file photo Home Local News Memorial Day exhibit at mall WhatsAppcenter_img Previous articleJBS institute gets grant for Texas Supreme Court visitNext articlePolice searching for missing person admin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Music City Mall will be hosting a Memorial Day Exhibit on Saturday honoring West Texas soldiers.The exhibit will be at 2 p.m. Saturday in the Dillard’s Courtyard at Music City Mall, 4101 E. 42nd St.West Texas veterans from Iraq, Desert Storm and Middle East conflicts will be showcased at the exhibit, with photos of each on display. U.S. veterans administration representatives will also be available with benefits applications and information for veterans. 2021 SCHOOL HONORS: Permian High School ECISD undergoing ‘equity audit’ Local News Memorial Day exhibit at mall Pinterest Facebook Upside Down Blueberry Pie CheesecakeFoolproof Roasted Pork TenderloinFruit Salad to Die ForPowered By 10 Sec Mama’s Deviled Eggs NextStay last_img read more

Hundreds of public sector workers to strike in Derry and Tyrone

first_img LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton WhatsApp Twitter Facebook Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week Homepage BannerNews Facebook WhatsApp Derry and Tyrone is bracing itself for a health and public sector walkout which is expected to disrupt a raft of services today.Trade union members will take to the streets of Derry, Strabane and Omagh over a planned protest linked to government cuts and pay disputes within the public sector.Services that could see an all-out strike include bus services, including public school transport, and ambulance services while hospital staff, schools, jobs and benefits office and social security workers could also be involved.Thousands of public sector workers are pressing ahead with their planned strike, in response to the Stormont Executive’s budget cuts.Kevin McAdam from the Unite trade union says their workers have had enough:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/kevin.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Hundreds of public sector workers to strike in Derry and Tyrone Google+ Pinterestcenter_img By News Highland – March 13, 2015 GAA decision not sitting well with Donegal – Mick McGrath Twitter Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleFuneral of tragic Lisa Orsi takes place todayNext articleDonegal Hospice facing rising costs and drop in donations News Highland Pinterest Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Nine Til Noon Show – Listen back to Wednesday’s Programme last_img read more

Donegal woman raped by her Godfather awarded €2.8 million

first_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal A Co Donegal woman who was raped and abused by her godfather has been awarded damages of 2.8 million euros.31 year Marcella Breslin of Emerald Drive, Killybegs sued Patrick Gillespie of Carrrickmagrath, Ballbofey, Co Donegal for the sexual abuse she suffered when she was 12 to 16 years of age.The 54 year old was jailed for 7 years by the Central Criminal Court in 2008 and is still serving his sentence.He did not defend these civil proceedings for damages which took place before a High Court jury. Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Twitter News Donegal woman raped by her Godfather awarded €2.8 million Previous articleAssetco workers to take fight for fair treatment to LondonNext articleMajor cross border project launched in Pettigo – Tullyhommon News Highland 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Google+ Pinterest WhatsAppcenter_img WhatsApp Twitter Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Facebook Pinterest By News Highland – November 15, 2012 Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Facebooklast_img read more

Assessment of fitness

first_imgRelated posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article Assessment of fitnessOn 1 Apr 2002 in Personnel Today Any judgement of a person’s ability to do a job must be rigorous butfair.  The proposed framework offers aconsistent and transparent method for assessment, by Siva Murugiah, GretaThornbory and Anne Harriss Assessment of fitness for employment is not a new concept. In fact it has along history originating from the times when young men were required toundertake tests of endurance for their tribal initiation as warriors. More recently it has taken the form of pre-employment health assessment,health surveillance, and screening during work. However, assessment of fitnessto or for work according to Battigelli1 has two aspects: “On one side itpresents the functional and anatomical endowment of the subject examined and onthe other, the task to which the individual is operationally fitted”. The recent implementation of the Disability Discrimination Act (1995)appears to have accelerated the debate on assessment of fitness to workfollowing a period of illness and the diagnosis of a health deficit. In O’ Neil v Symm & Co2, one of the first cases brought under the DDA,the industrial tribunal ruled in favour of the employer. The tribunalestablished that the employer has to ensure that an effective assessment offitness to work is undertaken, before deciding on the employment status of thenow “disabled” employee. According to Battigelli1, clinical assessment of fitness to work”regretfully Éremains all too often inadequately documented, resulting infailure by the examiner… to match the worker’s endowment to the task orwork”. It is clear that occupational health nurses need to recognise the legalrequirements of employment for the benefit of both employers and employees.What would be desirable is a framework that would help integrate the manyvariables that need to be considered when assessing fitness to work of anemployee diagnosed with a health deficit, or for assessing disabled people foremployment. This article proposes such a framework, taking into account the intricaterelationship between employers and employees. It is not the intention to evaluate the current battery of assessment toolsin use, but rather to consider the factors that should be considered whenassessing the fitness of employees returning to work following the diagnosis ofa health deficit. The framework could also be used to help with documenting theassessment process. The fitness to work framework The proposed framework fits in with the two aspects suggested by Battigelli1and includes the work environment and legal aspects to ensure that theassessment is comprehensive, equitable and transparent. Assessment of fitnessto work must take into consideration personal aspects, work characteristics,work environment and legal aspects. Personal aspects From a clinical perspective, the whole process of determining fitness is aseries of measurements and, as such, is an exercise in relativity. The extentof fitness or impairment must be gauged in terms of the demand of the task tobe performed. Assessment of fitness to work in a manual labourer, for example,will require that the worker’s ability to undertake heavy muscular tasks bemeasured. However, this will obviously not be a consideration when assessingthe fitness to work of an office worker. Assessment must be made for each individual as generalisation of assessmentfor fitness to work, based on medical criteria alone, may not stand up incourt. An individual with Multiple Sclerosis may be able to continue with the samejob for many years after diagnosis before any disability or impairment affectswork performance. Equally, another person with the same diagnosis may requiredeployment much earlier because of the rate or progress of the disease. When assessing each person, past occupational experience, skill levels,technique and ability have to be taken into account in light of themedicalhistory. Clinical assessment may explore basic stamina and physiological endowment3and examples of methods used are maximal work capacity, oxygen consumption andaerobic capacity, plus a range of motion and related features or strengthtesting. Besides these, it may be necessary to undertake a battery of tests and toexplore lifestyle that may inadvertently impact on work performance. Disabilityapplies equally to physical and mental impairment4. The person’s psychologicalstate should also be assessed. An illness or injury resulting in disability maywell leave psychological scars. Thus, assessment of fitness to work has toconsider the psychological, physical, sociological and intellectual aspects ofhealth. Characteristics of the work Care must be taken that assessment for fitness to work does not become amere inventory of anatomical and functional attributes without attempts tocompare the individual to his or her work. The fitness to work model advocates that the OH nurse needs to have athorough knowledge of the job specification in terms of essential and desirablequalities required for that job. The extent of fitness or impairment must be weighed in terms of the demandof the job to be performed, the specific type, intensity (concentration,strength, vigour), duration (length of time) and schedule (shift patterns,etc.) plus an understanding of materials and work processes to ensure effectiveassessment. Liaison with human resources and management is essential in establishing thefitness standards required for specific jobs or areas of work. For certainoccupations such as drivers5,6, offshore workers7 and teachers8, standardrequirements for fitness to work are published in key documents and these needto be consulted. Equally, some professional associations provide guidelines for standardrequirements on fitness to work, such as those produced by the Association ofNational Health Occupational Physicians for healthcare professionals, the Associationof Local Authority Medical Advisors for fireman and police, and the JointAviation Authority for pilots. It is also essential that the process of decision-making is adequatelydocumented1,9, or it may result in failure to display a reasoned match of anempolyee’s attributes to specific work requirements. The fitness to work modelprovides occupational health nurses with a framework to match a person’sattributes with specific work requirements, as well as a framework for thedocumentation of the decision-making process. It therefore aids transparencyand equitability. For some jobs, there may be a need to test hand-eye co-ordination and thework-pause sequence may need to be examined in relation to individual abilitiesor impairments. The person’s functional capabilities must always be matched tothe operational requirements of the job they are doing. It may be necessary totake into account the timing of meal breaks, for example, for people who havehealth conditions such as diabetes. The effects, including known side effects, of medication taken by theemployee should also be considered as these may impact on the health and safetyof both the individual and others including co-workers, contractors, visitors,customers or clients. The work environment Able-bodied individuals may previously have worked effectively andefficiently but after illness or impairment they may become a hazard tothemselves as well as others. Occupational health nurses need to reassessenvironmental risks with particular reference to the disabled person’sabilities. The temperature of the environment in which the person had previouslyworked, for example, may be inappropriate after serious illness. Thermalcomfort is generally a skin temperature of between 32.0C and 35.5C and a coretemperature of between 36.6C and 37.1C. However, these temperatures apply toable-bodied individuals and may not be suitable for those with compromisedhealth status. At temperatures substantially higher than these, optimal levels bothphysical and mental performance, may deteriorate due to a complicated interplayof physiological processes. At temperatures substantially lower, there is areduction in neuromuscular function, due to reduced nerve conduction velocity11,and a reduction in manual dexterity12. Lighting conditions, noise levels, exposure to chemicals, etc. must also betaken into consideration. The assessment has to consider the individual’sabilities and/or deficits in light of the work environment. Welfare facilities such as toilets and showers or washing facilities in thework place should be assessed to ensure that the individual is able tomanoeuvre and use them. In certain circumstances facilities must be suitablefor wheelchair access. Equally, access to and from the work site or buildingmust be assessed and consideration given to evacuation in an emergency such asfire, as generally lifts cannot be used and wheelchair users and others withrestricted mobility may not be able to use stairs. Legal aspects The whole issue of defensible medical rationale is based in the firstinstance, on the common law duties of the employer to take reasonable care oftheir employees. The duties can be summarised as follows: – The employer must take reasonable and positive steps to ensure the safetyof his employees in the light of the knowledge that he has, or ought to have – The employer is entitled to follow current recognised practice unless, inthe light of common sense or new knowledge, this is clearly unsound – Where there is developing knowledge, the employer must keep reasonablyabreast with it and not be too slow in applying it – If the employer has greater than average knowledge of the risk, he musttake greater than average precautions – The employer must weigh up the risk (in terms of the likelihood of injuryand the possible consequences) against the effectiveness of the precautions tobe taken to meet the risk and cost and inconvenience. Still within the common law position, the employer owes a higher duty ofcare to the vulnerable employee with a known pre-existing medical condition.This is defined as the “egg shell skull” principle as illustrated inthe case Paris v Stepney Borough Council13. Besides the common law position there are statutory laws such as theEmployment Protection (Consolidated) Act 1978 and therein employer’s liability.The Health and Safety at Work Regulations (1992), and the DisabilityDiscrimination Act (1995), to name a few. Within the Employment Protection (Consolidated) Act employees have beengiven protection against unfair dismissal provided they satisfy certainqualifying conditions. It is beyond the remit of this article to explore eachof the conditions except to say that these also need to be considered in theassessment. In Shook v London Borough of Ealing (1986)14 it was ruled that “theemployer must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the alternatives areexplored and the disabled individual is not discriminated against”. Thisruling was reached even before the DDA came into force. The DDA makes it illegal for employers of 15 or more staff to discriminatewithout justification against those with a disability as defined by the Act.The whole concept of disability and to a greater extent, deciding on fitness towork has to be based on the definition of disability as stated in the Act. Section 1 of Part 1 of the Act defines a disabled person as someone with”a physical or mental impairment, which has a substantial and long-termadverse effect on the person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-dayactivities”. The Act says that Part 11 (employment) and Part 111 (goods,facilities, services and premises) also apply in relation to a person who hashad disability as defined in Section 1. Accordingly, it is advised that occupational health nurses are fullyconversant with the Disability Discrimination (Employment) Regulations 1996.Further information and a variety of useful publications can be obtained fromthe Disability Rights Commission16. This legal position has given a greater impetus to the need for assessmentof fitness to work. It also brings into focus the need for health alliancesbetween the occupational health service, general practitioners, hospitalconsultants and employers. Occupational health practitioners, including nurses, need to be aware thatindustrial tribunals have made it clear that conflicting medical opinions onfitness to work would be ruled in favour of occupational healthpractitioners17. This implies that employers are entitled to rely on the viewsof the OH practitioner. Therefore assessment of fitness to work must be adefensible position. The fit to work framework thus proposes that the four variables mentionedabove are considered in assessment of fitness to work. It is also envisagedthat OH nurses use their professional knowledge and skills to ensure that theassessment is rigorous but equitable. Using the fitness to work frameworkenables a consistent and transparent method of assessment, decision-making anddocumentation. References 1. Battigelli MC (1994) Determination of Fitness to Work. In Zenz C,Dickinson OB, & Horvath EP (eds) Occupational Medicine, 65-69, 3rd ed. St.Louis:CVMosby. 2. O’Neil v Symm & Co. [1998] Disability Discrimination. Health Law. May1998 p 7; Reading Industrial Tribunal. 3. Magaria R (1979) Biomechanics and Energy of Muscular Exercise. Oxford:Clarendon Press. 4. Department for Education and Employment (1996) Disability DiscriminationAct 1995: Code of Practice for the eliminationof discrimination in the field ofemployment against disabled persons or persons whohave had a disability.London: HMSO. 5. Medical Advisory Branch (1996) At a Glance Guide to Current MedicalStandards of Fitness to Drive. Swansea: DVLA. 6. Taylor JF (1995) Medical Aspects of Fitness to Drive, a Guide for MedicalPractitioners. 5th ed. London: Medical Commission on Accident Prevention. 7. UK Off shore Operators Association (1992) Medical Aspects of Fitness forOffshore Work. A Guide for Examining Physicians. London: UK Off shore OperatorsAssociation. 8. Department for Education (1993) The Physical and Mental Fitness to Teachof Teachers and of Entrants to Initial Teacher Training. (Circular No. 13/93).London: Department for Education. 9. UKCC (1998) Guidelines for Records and Record Keeping. London: UKCC 10. Precht et al (1973)Temperature and Life. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 11. Vangaard L (1975) Physiological reactions to wet-cold. Aviation Spaceand Environmental Medicine, 46, 33. 12. Wyon, et al (1979) The effects of moderate heat stress on mentalperformance. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health, 5, 352. 13. Paris v Stepney Borough Council [1951] All ER 42. 14. Shook v London Borough of Ealing [1986] IRLA 46; All ER. 15. Department for Education and Employment (1996) Disability DiscriminationAct 1995: Guidance on matters to be taken into account in determining questionsrelated to the definition of disability. London: HMSO. 16. Disability Rights Commission. www.drc-gb.org 17. Ford Motor Company v Nawaz [1987] IRLR 163. Siva Murugiah is Senior Lecturer in Life Sciences, RCN DevelopmentCentre, South Bank University. Greta Thornbory is a Consultant in OccupationalHealth, and Anne Harriss is Programme Director,Occupational Health Nursing, RCNDevelopment Centre, South Bank University last_img read more

moe. Works Segment From Pink Floyd’s “The Wall” Into Smokin’ Performance At Mr. Smalls [Setlist/Video]

first_imgSetlist: moe. at Mr. Smalls Theatre, Millvale, PA – 9/27/16I: White Lightning Turpentine >(nh) Hi & Lo > Bearsong, The Road* > Little Miss Cup Half Empty > The Road, Runaway Overlude >(nh) Happy Hour HeroII: Smoke >(nh) It, The Happiest Days Of Our Lives > Another Brick In The Wall (Part 2) >(nh) So Long, Kyle’s Song > CalifornIA > Time EdEnc: Annihilation Blues{* w/ Gil’s Theme} After treating Chicago to two great nights, beloved jam band moe. headed East and found themselves at Mr. Smalls Theatre in Millvale, PA. As the group makes their way back to Buffalo for a two-night hometown this weekend, they’re spending the week treating Midwest fans to some seriously jammed out performances.Last night, moe. got to work quickly with a rocker in “White Lightning Turpentine.” The band stuck to their originals in the first set, playing a great version of “The Road” that included No Guts No Glory track “Little Miss Cup Half Empty” sandwiched in the middle. The set ended with a rocking “Happy Hour Hero,” leaving fans hollering for more.And more they got, as the band kept things hot with a powerful second set opener of “Smoke.” The band then brought out a pair of songs from Pink Floyd’s classic album The Wall, playing “The Happiest Days Of Our Lives” into “Another Brick In The Wall (Part 2).” The anthemic rock and roll songs were a serious highlight from the show, harkening back to moe.’s recent Pink Floyd tribute at the Peach. Classics like “So Long,” “Kyle’s Song,” “CalifornIA” and “Time Ed” closed out the set, each bringing some big time jams to the Millvale crowd. With one more song to go, moe. brought out “Annihilation Blues” to close out a great concert!Watch opening song “White Lightning Turpentine” courtesy of YouTube user Paul Giza.last_img read more

Greater health benefit from exercise than previously reported

first_imgLack of exercise or physical activity is estimated to cause as many deaths each year as smoking, according to a new study led by investigators at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH).Current guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity physical activity, or 75 minutes a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (or a combination of the two), and muscle-strengthening exercises two or more days a week.The study, which was published Monday in Circulation, investigated women’s physical activity measured over seven days by a wearable device called a triaxial accelerometer, and found that more physical activity and higher intensities of physical activity could decrease the risk of death in older women from any cause. Moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (e.g., brisk walking) was associated with 60–70 percent lower risk of death at the end of the four-year study among the most active women, compared to the least active.“The fact the physical activity lowers mortality rate is nothing new — we have many studies showing this. However, previous studies have primarily relied on self-reported physical activity, and self-reports tend to be imprecise. Based on these self-report studies, we know that physical activity is associated with a 20–30 percent reduction in mortality rates, comparing the most with the least active. Using device-measured physical activity in the present study, we observed a 60–70 percent risk reduction, larger than previously estimated from self-report studies. For context, nonsmokers have about a 50 percent reduction, compared with smokers,” said Harvard Medical School Professor I-Min Lee, an associate epidemiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and first author of the study.“This study supports current guidelines for physical activity, such as those from the federal government and the American Heart Association, that emphasize moderate-intensity physical activity. It also adds to existing evidence that can inform upcoming physical activity guidelines over time.”This is one of the first studies to investigate physical activity, and a clinical outcome, using the newer-generation triaxial wearable devices, which have increased sensitivity to recognize physical activity and are capable of more precise measurements than the previously used uniaxial devices, or studies relying on self-reports only.“We used devices to better measure not only higher-intensity physical activities, but also lower-intensity activities and sedentary behavior, which has become of great interest in the last few years,” said Lee.Data were analyzed from 16,741 participants (average age 72) from the Women’s Health Study who wore the device for at least 10 hours a day, on at least four out of seven days.Light physical activity, such as slow walking, was not associated with lower death rate during the study. Researchers note that light activity may be beneficial for other health outcomes not reported in this paper. Researchers are continuing this study to examine other health outcomes and to examine details of how much and what kinds of activity are healthful.The study is supported by National Institutes of Health grants CA154647, CA047988, CA182913, HL043851, HL080467, and HL099355.last_img read more

WHO team in Wuhan says discussions open, meetings frank

first_imgWUHAN, China (AP) — World Health Organization investigators looking for clues into the origin of the coronavirus in the central Chinese city of Wuhan say the Chinese side has provided a high level of cooperation but caution against expecting immediate results from the visit. Along with the key Wuhan Institute of Virology, the WHO team that includes experts from 10 nations has visited hospitals, research institutes and a traditional market tied to the outbreak. Zoologist and team member Peter Daszak praised Wednesday’s meetings with staff at the Wuhan institute, including with its deputy director who worked with Daszak to track down the origins of SARS that originated in China and led to the 2003 outbreak.last_img read more