Facing reality after the Euromaidan: RSF presents a new report on Ukraine

first_img Ukraine escalates “information war” by banning three pro-Kremlin media Follow the news on Ukraine Ukrainian media group harassed by broadcasting authority Reporters Without Borders (RSF) releases today its new report about the situation of journalists and media in Ukraine, in English and French. UkraineEurope – Central Asia Reports and statisticsProtecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence Conflicts of interestEconomic pressureWhistleblowersArmed conflictsFreedom of expressionInternet to go further RecommendationsRSF asks the Ukrainian government and President Petro Poroshenko to: Put into practice the law on greater transparency of media ownership. Break up President Poroshenko’s control over private “Channel 5” news network. Related documents RSF Ukraine report_2016PDF – 3.47 MB The war in the East of the country and the massive amount of Russian propaganda against Ukraine have also led to controversial countermeasures in Kiev, which partially restrict media freedom. In August 2014, the Ukrainian government blocked the signal of 15 Russian television providers. The broadcasting of numerous Russian TV-shows and movies was banned the following year. Many foreign journalists and bloggers are banned from travelling in Ukraine. Some media professionals are tempted by a form of “patriotic journalism”. July 11, 2016 Facing reality after the Euromaidan: RSF presents a new report on Ukraine RSF recommends that Ukrainian journalists critically examine the obvious relationship between commercial and editorial content, and have an open debate about patriotism and journalism.RSF calls on the OSCE presidency to oblige the conflicting parties in Eastern Ukraine to grant journalists free access to the self-proclaimed People’s Republic of Luhansk and People’s Republic of Donetsk.Any closer association between Ukraine and the EU should be made contingent on the Ukrainian government refraining from obstructing the development of a pluralistic media landscape and guaranteeing media freedom.RSF appeals to foreign governments, charities and donor organizations to more actively and lastingly support reform efforts of their Ukrainian colleagues. News UkraineEurope – Central Asia Reports and statisticsProtecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence Conflicts of interestEconomic pressureWhistleblowersArmed conflictsFreedom of expressionInternet News February 26, 2021 Find out more Read the reportThis report, authored by RSF-Germany and already published in German, is titled “Facing reality after the Euromaidan.” It describes the fragile situation of a country in which journalists are generally able to work freely and engage in investigative reporting, but yet face immense problems. The main TV networks in the country are concentrated in the hands of a few oligarchs, who misuse them for their own political gains and business interests. The financial crisis makes it difficultfor independent media outlets to develop functional business models. There are also large gaps in the training of journalists.“The situation in Ukraine offers many prospects, but the bases of a pluralistic media landscape require our assistance”, said RSF-Germany board member Gemma Pörzgen. “After the initial optimism during the Euromaidan movement, many journalists have become disillusioned. They are faced with the triple challenge of the war in the Eastern part of the country, the economic crisis and the digitalization of mass media.” More strongly support the conversion of the Ukrainian state broadcaster into a public-service broadcaster. Organisation News Reports With financial support of the Robert-Bosh Foundation,Pörzgen conducted research in Ukraine in January and February and interviewed more than 30 journalists and media experts. The study is limited to the Ukrainian government-held part of the country. Private television networks in the hands of oligarchs Despite all of its restrictions, Ukraine – which is ranked 107th out of 180 in RSF’s latest World Press Freedom Index – has a vibrant and diverse media landscape. In general, journalists are allowed to engage in investigative journalism, report critically, and develop media projects without government influence.Nonetheless, the influential private television networks are still controlled by oligarchs. The dependence on the funding of businessmen like Dmytro Firtash, Ihor Kolomoysky, Viktor Pinchuk or Rinat Akhmetov isgreater, as the Ukrainian advertising market is in further decline. The billionaires do not need to earn money through their media networks: they run them only as a kind of PR department to protect their other businesses, and finance their media outlets as a sideline. Viewers are increasingly witnessing full-blown “information wars” in which competing oligarchs fight out their private feuds via their television channelsRSF has been deepening its research on the ownership structure of the Ukrainian media since June, with its partner-organization in Kiev, the Institute of Mass Information, in the framework of the Media Ownership Monitor project. The results of this study will be published in September.The challenge of war and propaganda Revoke the ban on Russian books and films and remove all journalists from travel ban lists. March 26, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information RSF_en Receive email alerts Clearly distance themselves from the controversial Ukrainian website Myrotvorets and other attempts to discredit and intimidate journalists for their reporting from Eastern Ukraine. Crimean journalist “confesses” to spying for Ukraine on Russian TV September 7, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Paul Kagame

first_img AfricaRwanda Receive email alerts Predator Paul Kagame See more Pierre Nkurunziza Burundi Find out more to go further Salva Kiir South Sudan Find out more Help by sharing this information Issaias Afeworki Eritrea Find out more Follow the news on Rwanda Al-Shabaab Somalia Find out more Teodoro Obiang Nguema Equatorial Guinea Find out more AfricaRwanda last_img read more

Unraveling Reconstruction

first_imgBetween the American novels “Miss Ravenel’s Conversion from Secession to Loyalty” and “The Red Badge of Courage” lies … not much.To Amanda Claybaugh, that’s a mystery that needs unraveling. After all, it means that the literary heart is missing from one of the nation’s most wrenching times, the bitter Reconstruction years when the United States mourned its Civil War dead, tallied its losses, and painfully re-incorporated the South into the Union.Authorities on 19th century literature routinely divide the century into the time before and after the Civil War, but Claybaugh said the period between the war’s conclusion and the end of the Reconstruction, roughly from 1865 to 1880, is something of a literary desert.Claybaugh, who was named a professor of English and American literature and language in July, wants to know not only what was written during that period, but also what that can tell us about society at the time.Claybaugh is at work on “The Literary History of Reconstruction,” which examines lost writings of the time, including accounts of Freedmen’s Bureau agents who assisted one-time slaves in the postwar years, the writings of Northern volunteers who went south to help rebuild, as well as fiction by Southern authors and turn-of-the-century writings by African-American authors, who were educated and influenced during Reconstruction.Those writings, she said, illustrate a nation in transition, one whose citizens are grappling with the very concept of nationhood. Before the war, Claybaugh said, people thought of themselves as citizens of a particular state. Afterward, with the federal government having emphatically claimed superiority over the states, they were citizens of a single country.This is not Claybaugh’s first foray into using literature as a mirror reflecting the society in which it was written. Her doctoral dissertation led to her first book, “The Novel of Purpose: Literature and Social Reform in the Anglo-American World,” which examined British and American 18th century literature by novelists who were social reformers and looked at how their writings and literary techniques influenced even major writers uninterested in reform, such as Henry James and Mark Twain.Claybaugh conducts her research through exhaustive examination not just of the literary works of a period, but also of popular works such as magazines and newspapers. The popular works, she said, give her a sense of the broader societal themes of the times. She credits exhaustive digital databases that allow her to conduct much of her research from her computer, rather than having to peruse the documents through archives.English Professor Elisa New said Claybaugh’s late 19th century expertise fills a gap in the department during a key period in American literature. In addition, she said, Claybaugh’s work has been groundbreaking, because literary scholars have overwhelmingly tended to look at literature within national boundaries, not from a trans-Atlantic or international point of view, such as Claybaugh did with “The Novel of Purpose.”“Some of it is just breathtakingly new,” New said. “She’s a splendid researcher and a legendary teacher of those late 19th century writings.”Claybaugh, who grew up in Maryland, became interested in literature as an undergraduate at Yale University. She entered Yale interested in politics, but a freshman literature course captured her imagination. She was intrigued by the interplay between the words themselves and other elements that sometimes indicated meanings beyond or contrary to a specific passage.“I liked the complexity of literary analysis,” Claybaugh said.Claybaugh graduated from Yale in 1993 and came to Harvard, where she earned her doctorate in English and American literature and language in 2001. She left Harvard for Columbia University, serving as an assistant and associate professor there. She returned to Harvard during the 2007-08 academic year as a visiting associate professor. She was appointed professor of English in July.Along the way, Claybaugh has received several awards for her teaching, receiving the Derek Bok Award for Excellence in Teaching as a graduate instructor at Harvard and Columbia’s Presidential Teaching Prize in 2004, awarded each year to five members of the faculty.Claybaugh teaches lecture courses on the American novel, foundations of American literature, and the 19th century British novel, as well as several undergraduate and graduate seminars on specific authors and literary themes. She said she enjoys the point in class when students stop merely taking in information and begin to disagree with her.“Then I know they don’t need the class anymore,” Claybaugh said. “For me, it’s very important that I give my students the tools they need to challenge me.”last_img read more

Richards feels the frustration

first_img Richards returned to action in City’s victory over Wigan in midweek after six months on the sidelines with a knee injury. During his arduous road to recovery he has not only seen the outstanding Pablo Zabaleta firmly establish himself as first-choice right-back, but City’s grip on the Barclays Premier League crown has all but been relinquished. The 24-year-old said: “It has definitely been frustrating, especially when you see United top of the league. After last season I thought we would have kicked on and maybe been a bit better, maybe retained it. We haven’t done that but I think next season we will regroup and hopefully we will get it back.” Manchester City defender Micah Richards admits it has been doubly frustrating to sit on the sidelines and watch Manchester United march towards title glory. Richards went down injured in a victory over Swansea last October, which in itself had been just the fourth game of a comeback from an ankle problem. It has been the most testing time for a player who has been beset by niggling problems in the past but he accepts he must now bide his time behind Zabaleta. The City youth product said: “Five-and-a-half, six months – it is quite frustrating to be out so long. When I came back I was playing really well. Now Zaba has been class this season. It is going to be hard to get back in but you know what football is like, one minute you are in and the next you are out. When I am in I am going to have to take my chance.” Richards, after returning to training three weeks ago, came into the side as Zabaleta was rested after the exertions of last week’s derby defeat of United and Sunday’s FA Cup semi-final win over Chelsea. But with an important trip to Tottenham coming up this weekend, Richards expects Zabaleta to be restored as City further look to cement second place. He said: “I think Zaba is going to be back in after the way he has been playing but if I am called upon I will give 100 per cent. Last time after injury I almost tried to rush back. This time I don’t want to rush back. I want to take it steady and when I am called upon try to do a job. “For me it is just getting back, getting some minutes under my belt, just to play 80 minutes was enough for me for now. “I will just keep training, working hard, trying to get fitter and stronger. Hopefully I will get some more games before the end of the season.” center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

Europa: Arsenal Eases into Last 16, Victor Moses Sinks with Fenerbahce

first_imgAlex Iwobi played all 90 minutes as Arsenal booked their place in the last 16 of the Europa League with a comfortable second-leg victory over Bate Borisov at the Emirates.Trailing 1-0 from the first leg, they scored inside four minutes when Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang’s cross was turned in by Bate defender Zakhar Volkov.Centre-back Shkodran Mustafi made it 2-0 before the break with a powerful header from Granit Xhaka’s corner. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (right) and Shkodran Mustafi celebrating Arsenal’s qualification for the last 16 of the Europa League following the 3-0 defeat of Bate Borisov at the Emirates Stadium in London…last night Substitute Sokratis Papastathopoulos headed in the third goal after an hour.After a disappointing performance in losing the first leg in Belarus, Arsenal needed to score at least twice to go through.Bate were denied an equaliser just four minutes after Arsenal had taken the lead when Stephan Lichtsteiner slid in to make a goalline clearance from Stanislav Dragun’s header.The visitors also came close when Maksim Skavysh hit the side-netting in the first half but Arsenal had the best chances through Iwobi, Xhaka and Aubameyang.Elsewhere, A brace from Sardar Azmoun and one from Magomed Ozdoev at Gazprom Arena ensured Zenit St Petersburg defeated Fenerbahce 3-2 aggregate to progress to the last 16 of the Europa League.Chelsea on loan star Victor Moses was unable to rescue the Turkish giants from losing and crashing out.Despite losing the reverse fixture by a lone goal in Turkey earlier this month, coach Sergei Semak’s men put up an impressive performance to seal their passage on 3-2 aggregate.Magomed Ozdoev opened scoring for the hosts in the fourth minute, while Sardar Azmoun doubled his side’s lead with barely seven minutes to the end of the first half.Mehmet Topal pulled one back for the visitors in the 43 minute to give his side an away goal advantage should the game end that way.Also yesterday, Celtic’s Europa League campaign came to an end at the last-32 stage for the second successive season as they bowed out to Valencia.Their task in the second leg always looked formidable, given they had never overturned a two-goal deficit away from home, nor had they won in Spain.A creditable first-half performance was marred by Jeremy Toljan’s dismissal for twice pulling back Goncalo Guedes.And Celtic finally conceded when Kevin Gameiro forced home from close range.While the Glasgow side were passive last week at Celtic Park, they were far more aggressive at the Mestalla against their La Liga hosts.Jonny Hayes shot over for the visitors, while Kristoffer Ajer also went close with the game still goalless.It would be over-stretching it to suggest Toljan’s red card was a pivotal point in the tie, with Valencia well in command following their 2-0 win at Celtic Park last week.But Celtic had at least given them food for thought, with a 3-4-3 formation offering a much more solid look and their use of the ball far improved.Ajer had a goal-bound shot blocked and Jozo Simunovic’s header was comfortably saved as Celtic searched for the opening goal that would bring the tie alive. Ajer would also bullet a glorious header over the bar later in the match with the game still goalless.The draw for the last 16 takes place today at 12:00 GMT.UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE(Round of 32, second leg)Di’ Zagreb 3-0 FC Viktoria(Di’Zagreb 4-2 aggregate)Red Bull 4-0 Club Brugge(Red Bull 5-2 agg.)Napoli 2-0 FC Zürich(Napoli 5-1 agg.)Eintracht 4-1 Shakhtar(Eintracht 6-3 agg.)Valencia 1-0 Celtic(Valencia 3-0 agg.)Zenit 3-1 Fenerbahçe(Zenit 3-2 agg.)Villarreal 1-1 Sporting(Villarreal 2-1 agg.)Arsenal 3-0 FC BATE(Arsenal 3-1 agg.)Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more